L&I Benefits

L&I Workers’ Comp
Death Benefits

In an ideal world, every Labor & Industries claim would ultimately end with total recovery, and the injured worker being able to return to work. Unfortunately, this isn’t always the case. When a worker’s injury or illness results in their death, certain family members may be entitled to workers’ comp death benefits and L&I survivor pensions.

What Kinds of L&I—Workers’ Comp Death Benefits Are Available?

A workplace injury or occupational illness that results in death entitles the injured worker’s spouse and dependents to L&I death benefits, also known as L&I survivor pensions, including the following:

  • A one-time immediate payment to the deceased’s spouse or registered domestic partner
  • Monthly survivor pensions
  • Burial reimbursements
Closeup of a support hands. Closeup shot of a young woman holding a senior man's hands in comfort.

What Is a One-Time Immediate Payment?

A one-time immediate payment will be made to the deceased worker’s spouse or registered domestic partner, child, or dependent when the death is related to an industrial injury or occupational illness. The amount of the immediate payment is 100% of the average monthly wage in the state.

Who Is Eligible for L&I Survivor Pensions?

If a worker dies as a result of their injury, their spouse or registered domestic partner, child, or dependent may be eligible for an L&I survivor pension.

  • If the decedent was married prior to the workplace injury or occupational illness and remained married until death, their spouse or domestic partner would be eligible to receive any L&I benefits awarded to them for the duration of their lifetime.
  • If the decedent leaves no surviving spouse, partner, or child behind, then other qualified dependents can receive benefits equal to half the average monthly support received by the dependent during the year preceding the injury. The benefit limit is 65% of the worker’s wage or maximum benefit level, whichever is less, for all dependents. The payments end when the necessity that created the dependency would have ended had the injury not occurred. Dependents eligible to receive benefits must have been dependent on the worker’s earnings prior to their death and can include parents, grandparents, grandchildren, brothers, sisters, nieces, and/or nephews.

What Are L&I Burial Benefits?

Labor and Industries will pay burial benefits if an injured worker dies as a direct result of an injury or occupational illness. The amount awarded will depend on the date of death. See the Death and Burial Rates Chart.

How Do I File an L&I Claim for Workers’ Comp Death Benefits?

To receive benefits from L&I there are two very important things that you must do right away, even before a claim is filed:

  • Get medical help
  • Tell your employer

If you are injured at work, you have three options to file a Washington state L&I claim:

Note that if you work with a self-insured employer (SIE), you must file your claim directly with them. Contact your employer’s human resources department for help.

To file an L&I claim in Washington state, you must provide the following:

  • The location where the injury occurred
  • Contact information for any witnesses to the injury
  • Employer information
  • Wage information
  • Names and birth dates of your dependents

If you have already seen a doctor:

  • Your doctor’s first and last name
  • The hospital or clinic where you received treatment

If you are eligible for time-loss and no further information is needed, Labor and Industries or your self-insured employer will send the first benefit check within 7 days of receiving the report. If your doctor is one of the many healthcare providers that do not handle workers’ compensation claim cases, you can find an L&I-approved doctor on the Department of Labor and Industries’ website. If your Labor and Industries claim is approved, L&I will cover the initial visit even if it wasn’t with one of their approved doctors.

It is imperative that you act quickly once you are injured as there is a statue of limitations (SOL) for filing a claim. Labor and Industries or your self-insured employer must receive your Report of Accident within 1 year of your injury date to file a claim. Occupational illness claims must be received within two years of the date that your doctor notified you in writing that your injury is work-related.

Who Can File an L&I Claim for Workers’ Comp Death Benefits and an L&I Survivor Pension?

A beneficiary must file the L&I claim for workers’ comp death benefits. Qualified beneficiaries are a spouse, registered domestic partner, or child. If there are no beneficiaries, then a qualified dependent (see above) may file the claim.

To file an L&I claim for workers’ comp death benefits in Washington state, you must provide the following:

  • An application filed before the Statute of Limitations (SOL) ends
  • Marriage certificate
  • Death certificate
  • If minor children are involved, then birth certificates and custody documents (if any)

The SOL to file for death benefits is one year from the injury that led to death and two years or more for the occupational disease that led to death.

What If There Is an Open L&I Claim at the Time of Death?

If there is an open L&I claim at the time of the worker’s death, the surviving spouse, domestic partner, child, or other dependents can make a formal request to L&I that the benefits pass to them. Benefits included the following:

  • Permanent partial disability (PPD) award: If the decedent had time-loss benefits or had received a PPD award still owed by L&I at the time of death, it should be paid to one of the aforementioned parties. If none of these parties come forward, then according to the will; if none come forward, then according to intestate distribution scheme. RCW 51.32.040(2).
  • L&I disability pension: An L&I disability pension is a special category of pension only awarded to the most severely injured If the decedent’s status immediately prior to an unrelated death was that they could never work again, then the workers’ benefits can pass to one of the aforementioned parties.
A lawyer calculates line items.

What Is Wrongful Death?

According to the Washington state Legislature RCW 4.20.010wrongful death happens when the death of a person is caused by the wrongful act, neglect, or fault of another person. Wrongful death is different than an L&I death benefit. A claim for L&I death benefits requires that the death happened in the workplace, whereas wrongful death requires proof of fault that the death was caused by another person who is not the employer or a coworker of the decedent.

Wrongful death can result from a number of circumstances:

Can I Have Both an L&I Death Benefit Claim and a Wrongful Death Claim?

Yes, you can have both an L&I death benefit claim and a wrongful death claim. This results in a third-party claim. L&I states that third-party claims are fault-based, therefore the negligence of the third party must be proven. Unlike workers’ compensation payments, there is no limit to the amount of compensation an injured worker may seek in third-party damages.

When Will My L&I Survivor Pension End?

  • If the worker’s death was related to a workplace injury or illness that resulted in an L&I disability pension, the spouse’s L&I survivor pension is for life unless he or she remarries.
  • If a worker dies from causes other than the workplace injury or illness that resulted in an L&I disability pension, and an L&I survivor pension was chosen, the surviving spouse’s benefit is for life even if he or she remarries.
  • For claims filed before July 1, 1986, a spouse’s L&I survivor pension ends if he or she remarries.
  • For surviving children, benefits end at the age of 18 (they may continue up to age 23 if the child is enrolled full-time in an accredited school).
  • For other dependents, benefits cease when the need that caused the dependency ends.

What If the Worker’s Death Was by Suicide?

PTSD, trauma, and work-related mental health issues can be just as devastating for workers as suffering a physical workplace injury. Unfortunately, these issues can become more than the worker can handle, and they may choose to end their life.

If you or someone you know is struggling with thoughts of suicide, we urge you to get help:

L&I and Suicide

It can be difficult to obtain the decedent’s L&I benefits in the case of a worker’s suicide. L&I looks closely at cases involving suicide, including whether it was premeditated and how and why it occurred. Getting the advice of an experienced L&I attorney is incredibly important in this difficult time and situation.

In order to receive L&I death benefits after suicide your case must meet certain criteria. The survivor must show the following:

  • The worker’s injury directly caused a mental derangement that led to suicide, and it was not premeditated.
  • The suicide occurred from an uncontrollable impulse.
  • An allowed medical opinion agrees that the suicide was due to said uncontrollable impulse.

How Do I Know If I Have a Strong L&I Claim?

A man smiles as he fixes his cuffs in his corner office.

If your loved one has recently died due a work injury, ask yourself the following:

If any of the above apply to you, Emery | Reddy, PLLC may be able to help.

Navigating a workers’ compensation claim can be difficult and very time-consuming, especially when you’re mourning the loss of a loved one. Many individuals miss out on much-needed L&I benefits because they don’t understand what to do or how to get the most compensation for their loved one’s wrongful death. If you are experiencing any challenges in your case, a Labor and Industries attorney can assist you. By contacting Emery | Reddy as soon as possible after you’ve been injured, we can help you avoid the common pitfalls of filing and navigating an L&I claim. Our Seattle L&I and wrongful death Attorneys are here for you every step of the way.

Emery | Reddy Can Help You with Your L&I Claim

Emery | Reddy is the only law firm in Washington state that is equipped to provide comprehensive representation on your case from every angle. Our Seattle L&I Attorneys thoroughly assess every case to determine if our clients have additional claims, and at times this can extend far beyond the underlying workers’ compensation claim.

If you have been injured in the workplace, call Emery | Reddy today for a Free Case Review with an experienced Intake Specialist to learn more about how we may be able help you.

Want More Information?

If you sustain a serious or life-changing injury and are no longer able to work, you could be entitled to a Washington state L&I disability pension.

The Labor and Industries claim process is anything but straightforward. Find out the answers to your L&I — workers’ comp questions today.

If you’ve been injured at work and have an open L&I Claim for workers’ compensation benefits, you may have the right to L&I time-loss compensation.


Meet the Team

The L&I Attorneys at Emery | Reddy, PLLC are passionate about helping workers with L&I claims and Employment Law issues. We Help Workers®. It’s our motto and what drives us every day.

We know how L&I and big companies think, and we understand the tactics they use. Our Labor and Industries Attorneys use that knowledge coupled with over three decades of experience to help our clients get access to the L&I benefits to which they are legally entitled and hold employers accountable when they break the law.

If you’re struggling with an L&I claim, injury, or legal issue at work, call us for a Free Case Review with an experienced Intake Specialist to learn more about how Emery | Reddy may be able to help you today.

“When you want justice, when you want results delivered and when it comes to advocacy for the people without a doubt, you look to Tim and the team at Emery | Reddy. Simply put, they are a class above the rest with their knowledge, professionalism, and transparency.”

— Oki

Receive a
FREE Case Review